ISSN 2398-2969      

Urinary catheterization

Clapis

Introduction

Uses

  • Obtaining a urine sample Urine collection: freeflow.
  • Flushing of the bladder to remove excessive calcium carbonate precipitate (sludge/hypercalciuria) Urolithiasis.
  • Performance of single and double radiographic contrast studies of the bladder Bladder: calculus lateral radiographBladder: sediment VD radiograph.
  • Retropulsion of small urethral calculi Urolithiasis.
  • Healing of urethral injuries (indwelling urinary catheter).
  • To obtain cytological samples of urethral wall masses.

Advantages

  • Relatively simple to perform; minimal equipment required.

Disadvantages

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Ulthamanthil R K, Hachem R Y, Gagea M, Reitzel R et al (2013) Urinary catheterization of male rabbits: A new technique and a review of urogenital anatomy. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 52 (2), 180-185 PMC.
  • Jenkins J R (2010) Evaluation of the rabbit urinary tract. J Exotic Pet Med 19 (4), 271-279 VetMedResource.
  • Graham J (2006) Common procedures in rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract (2), 367-388 PubMed.
  • Scherz H C, Kaplan G W, Boychuk D I et al (1992) Urethral healing in rabbits. J Urology 148 (2 Pt 2), 708-710 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Quesenberry K E, Orcutt C J, Mans C & Carpenter J W (2021) Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 4th edn. Elsevier, USA.
  • Meredith A & Lord B (2014) BSAVA Manual Of Rabbit Medicine. BSAVA, UK.
  • Suckow M A & Douglas F A (1997) Experimental Methodology. In: The Laboratory Rabbit. CRC Press LLC, USA. pp 71-106.

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