ISSN 2398-2969      

Cystotomy

Clapis

Introduction

  • To allow removal of uroliths.
  • To allow complete flushing of bladder and removal of 'sand' if bladder catheterization and retrograde flushing is unsuccessful.
  • To allow direct visualization of the bladder.
  • To allow biopsies to be taken from the bladder.

Uses

Print-off the Owner Factsheet Caring for your rabbit before and after surgery to give to your clients.

Advantages

  • Treatment or management of the main problem.

Disadvantages

  • Anesthetic and surgical risks.
  • The surgery may not be diagnostic.
  • The surgery may not resolve the problem.
  • The owner should be warned about the possibility of recurrence of urolithiasis Urolithiasis and bladder 'sand'.
  • The radiographic finding of 'sand' in the urinary bladder can be an incidental finding in clinically healthy rabbits, whilst being associated with urine scald in others. This radiographic finding is not therefore pathognomic and should be evaluated in conjunction with other clinical findings.
  • The urinary bladder may rupture when grossly distended or handled roughly during surgery.
  • Associated structures, including the ureters, may be damaged during surgery.
  • If incising into a flaccid bladder, there is a risk that both the ventral and dorsal walls will be cut.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prognosis

  • Good, providing surgical technique adequate.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  •  Szabo Z & Bradley K (2016) Rabbit soft tissue surgery. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 19 (1), 159-188 PubMed.
  • Brown C (2011) Urolithiasis and cystotomy in the rabbit. Lab anim 40 (3), 73-74 PubMed.
  • Butterweck V & Khan S R (2009) Herbal medicines in the treatment of urolithiasis: alternative or complementary? Planta Med 75 (10), 1095-1103 PubMed.
  • Paul-Murphy J (2007) Critical care of rabbit. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 10 (2), 437-461 PubMed.
  • White R N (2001) Management of calcium ureterolithiasis in a French lop rabbit. JSAP 42 (12), 595-598 PubMed.
  • Leck G (1988) Removing a calculus from the urinary bladder of a rabbit. Vet Med 83 (1), 64-65 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Quesenberry K E, Orcutt C J, Mans C & Carpenter J W (2021) Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 4th edn. Elsevier, USA.
  • Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J (2016) BSAVA Manual of Rabbit surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. BSAVA, UK.
  • Meredith A & Flecknell P (2006) BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. BSAVA, UK.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code