ISSN 2398-2969      

Blood biochemistry: overview




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  • A number of different methodologies may be available for any given test.


  • Many tests are routinely available - if in doubt, contact the laboratory to confirm availability of a specific test.



  • The percentage of diseased animals with abnormal results.


  • The percentage of non-diseased animals with normal results.

Predictive value

  • How well the test performs in a given population of animals (the probability that the result reflects the true status of the animal).

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • In general, results of any given test are most significant when interpreted in conjunction with other laboratory and clinical findings.

Result Data

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Further Reading


Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Benson K G & Paul-Murphy J (1999) Clinical pathology of the domestic rabbit: acquisition and interpretation of samples. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 2 (3), 539-552 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Varga M (2014) Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. 2nd edn. Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier, UK.
  • Wesche P (2014) Clinical Pathology. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. pp 124-137. BSAVA, UK.
  • Fudge A M (1999) Laboratory Medicine. Avian and Exotic Pets. W B Saunders Co. ISBN: 0721 676 790.


Adrenocortical disease

Anemia: overview

Arthritis: septic

Blood biochemistry: acid phosphatase

Blood biochemistry: alanine aminotransferase (SGPT, ALT)

Blood biochemistry: albumin

Blood biochemistry: alkaline phosphatase

Blood biochemistry: alpha amylase

Blood biochemistry: ammonia

Blood biochemistry: aspartate aminotransferase

Blood biochemistry: bicarbonate

Blood biochemistry: bile acids

Blood biochemistry: calcium

Blood biochemistry: chloride

Blood biochemistry: cholesterol

Blood biochemistry: copper

Blood biochemistry: cortisol

Blood biochemistry: C-reactive protein

Blood biochemistry: creatine phosphokinase

Blood biochemistry: creatinine

Blood biochemistry: gammaglutamyl transferase

Blood biochemistry: glucose

Blood biochemistry: glutamate dehydrogenase

Blood biochemistry: lactate dehydrogenase

Blood biochemistry: phosphate

Blood biochemistry: potassium

Blood biochemistry: sodium

Blood biochemistry: total bilirubin

Blood biochemistry: total globulin

Blood biochemistry: total protein

Blood biochemistry: urea


Cutaneous neoplasia

Dermatology: pruritus

Disseminated intravascular coagulation

Electrical burn injury

Endometrial hyperplasia

Enucleation: transconjunctival

Head tilt


Hypervitaminosis D


Mycobacterium spp

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian neoplasia

Ovary: abscess



Submandibular gland disease

Thymus: neoplasia

Transportation of diagnostic specimens

Urinalysis: erythrocytes

Urinalysis: specific gravity


Vagina: prolapse


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