ISSN 2398-2969      

Adenovirus infection

Clapis

Introduction

  • Adenovirus infection is rarely reported as a clinical problem in the rabbit.
  • Cause: Adenovirus.
  • Signs: profuse diarrhea, death.
  • Diagnosis: on necropsy.
  • Treatment: supportive treatment only.
  • Prognosis: guarded.

Presenting signs

  • Rabbits present with profuse diarrhea, and mortality rates of 10-15% have been reported in a group situation.

Geographic incidence

  • One outbreak has been reported in young, farmed rabbits in Hungary.
  • A serological survey of rabbits in Quebec, Canada also revealed serum-neutralizing antibodies to bovine adenovirus type 1 in rabbits in three different colonies.

Age difference

  • The reported outbreak occurred in 6-8 week old rabbits, with older rabbits thought to have developed adequate serum antibody levels.

Cost considerations

  • Group outbreaks may result in significant morbidity and mortality.

Pathogenesis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bodon L & Prohászka L (1981) Isolation of an adenovirus from rabbits with diarrhoea. Acta Veterinaria Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 28 (3), 247-255 PubMed.
  • Descoteaux J P, Whissel K & Assaf R (1980) Detection of antibody titers to bovine viruses in rabbit sera. Lab Anim Sci 30 (3), 581-582 PubMed.
  • Bodon L, Prohaszka L, Adam E et al (1979) Isolation of an adenovirus from rabbits. Acta Veterinaria Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 27 (1/2), 73-75 VetMedResource.
  • Reddick R A & Lefkowitz S S (1969) In vitro immune responses of rabbits with persistent adenovirus type 5 infection. J Immunol 103 (4), 687-694 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Oglesbee O & Lord B (2021) Gastrointestinal Diseases of Rabbits. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents. Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 4th edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E, Orcutt C J, Mans C & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 174-187.
  • Oglesbee O (2011) Diarrhea - Acute. In: Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal. 2nd edn. Wiley Blackwell, UK. pp 388-390.
  • MacLachlan N J & Dubovi E J (2011) Adenoviridae. In: Fenners Veterinary Virology. 4th edn. Academic Press, UK. pp 203-212.
  • Baker D G (2003) Pathogens of Rabbits. In: Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Animals: Their Effects on Research. ASM Press, USA. pp 147-148.
  • DiGiacomo R R & Mare C J (1994) Viral Diseases. In: The Biology of the Laboratory Rabbit. 2nd edn. Academic Press Inc, USA. pp 188.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code