ISSN 2398-2969      

Haemodipsus ventricosus

Clapis

Synonym(s): Phthiraptera


Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Order: Psocodea.
  • Family: Polyplacidae.

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • On host only.

Lifecycle

  • Egg → 3 larval stages → adult.

Transmission

  • Close contact.
  • Susceptibility increases in overcrowded conditions and/or poor husbandry.

Pathological effects

  • Hypersensitivity may lead to self-trauma.
  • Anemia with heavy infestations.
  • May cause weight loss Weight loss.
  • May cause erythematous papules.

Other Host Effects

  • May be carried in small numbers with no consequences.
  • Haemodipsus may also transmit tularemia Tularemia.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Ivermectin Ivermectin 200-400 µg/kg SC, 3 injections at 2 week intervals.

Control via environment

  • Treat all in-contact rabbits.

Other countermeasures

  • Imidacloprid Imidacloprid (Advantage, Bayer) - licensed in the UK for rabbits.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fehr M & Koestlinger S (2013) Ectoparasites in small exotic mammals. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 16 (3), 611-657 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Diseases of research animals – DORA (2020) Lice. University of Missouri - Comparative Medicine Program and IDEXX-BioAnalytics. Available at: http://www.dora.missouri.edu. Accessed 28.11.2020.
  • Meredith A (2014) Dermatoses. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. Ed: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, UK. pp 255-263.
  • Hess L & Tater K (2012) Dermatological Disease. In: Ferrets, rabbits and rodents. Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 232-244.
  • Van Praag E, Maurer A & Saarony T (2010) Skin Diseases of Rabbits. MediRabbit.
  • Scarff D H (2000) Dermatoses. In: Manual of Rabbit Medicine & Surgery. Ed: Flecknell P. BSAVA, UK.
  • ITIS Standard Report Page: Haemodipsus ventricosus. Available at: http://www.itis.gov. Accessed 29.11.2020.

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