ISSN 2398-2950      

EMLA Cream

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Kyle Braund

Synonym(s): Lidocaine cream, prilocaine cream, lidocaine topical, prilocaine topical,


Introduction

Name

  • Astra.

Class of drug

  • Local analgesic.

Description

Chemical name

  • Lidocaine 2.5%, Prilocaine 2.5%.

Physical properties

  • Eutectic cream.

Uses

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Indications

  • Few. Experimental use in small animals. Difficulty of keeping dressing in place for sufficient duration to be effective.
  • Not used in neonates due to risk of local anesthetic overdose.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Gibbon K J et al (2003) Evaluation of adverse effects of EMLA (lidocaine/prilocaine) cream for the placement of jugular catheters in healthy catsJ Vet Pharmacol Ther 26 (6), 439 DOI.
  • Flecknell PA, Liles JH & Williamson HA (1990) The use of lignocaine-prilocaine local anaesthetic cream for pain-free venepuncture in laboratory animals.Lab Anim24 (2), 142-146.

Other sources of information

  • Clinical Anesthetic Pharmacology (1991) Eds: Dundee J W, RClarke R S J, McCaughey W. Churchill Livingstone.
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