ISSN 2398-2985      

Local anesthesia

Jreptile

Introduction

  • Local anesthesia is indicated as part of a multimodal approach to analgesia/anesthesia.
  • Local anesthesia is used to reduce acute and chronic pain as a result of surgery. It is also used to reduce central pain sensitization.

Physiology

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Pharmacology of local anesthetics

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Indications

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Advantages and disadvantages

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Drugs and doses

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Factors affecting duration and latency

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Types of local anesthesia

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Rivera S, Divers S J, Knafo S E et al (2011) Sterilisation of hybrid Galapagos tortoises (Geochelone nigra) for island restoration. Part 2: phallectomy of males under intrathecal anesthesia with lidocaine. Vet Rec 168 (3), 78 PubMed.
  • Schuster E J, Strueve J, Fehr M J et al (2015) Measurement of intraocular pressure in healthy unanesthetized inland bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps). Am J Vet Res 76 (6), 494-499 PubMed.
  • Mans C (2014) Intrathecal drug administration in turtles and tortoises. J Exotic Pet Med 23 (1), 67-70 VetMedResource.
  • DiGeronimo PM & da Cunha AF (2022) Local and regional anesthesia in zoological companion animal practice. Vet Clin Exot Anim 25 (1), 321-336 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Sladky K K (2019) Reptile and Amphibian Analgesia. In: Fowler’s Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Current Therapy. Volume 9. Eds: Miller R E, Lamberski N & Calle P. Elsevier, USA. pp 421-431.
  • Schumacher J & Mans C (2014) Anesthesia. In: Current Therapy in Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Mader D & Divers S. Elsevier, USA. pp 134-153.
  • Mans C, Lahner L L, Steagall P et al (2013) Feasibility, Efficacy and Interoperator Variability of Spinal Anesthesia in Female Red-Eared Slider Turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans). In: Proc 1st Int Conf Avian, Herpetol, Exot Anim Med. Wiesbaden, Germany.
  • Mans C, Steagall P, Lahner L L et al (2011) Efficacy of Intrathecal Lidocaine, Bupivacaine and Morphine for Spinal Anesthesia and Analgesia in Red-Eared Slider Turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans). In: Proc Am Assoc Zoo Vet. Kansas City, USA.

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