ISSN 2398-2985  

Burmese python


Synonym(s): Python bivittatus


Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Suborder: Serpentes. 
  • Family: Pythonidae. 
  • Genus: Python.
  • Species: bivittatus

Distribution and habitat

  • Native to Asia, the Burmese python can be found in countries, including India, Thailand, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Vietnam and Nepal.
  • Found in trees at a young age, adults are usually found on the ground, in jungles, grasslands, marshes, swamps and valleys. 
  • They can be found in water, will often submerge themselves in water and are strong swimmers.

Species status

  • Listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list. 
  • Commonly used in the leather trade, pet trade and for herbal medicines. 
  • Other predators include alligators. 

Life span

  • In the wild, 20-25 years.
  • In captivity usually 25 years, sometimes older.


  • Carnivorous. 
  • Main diet incudes birds and small mammals, usually consisting of rodents, rabbits and birds Snake nutrition.  
  • As the individual grows, they require larger food sources.


  • Breeding occurs in December-February in native countries; as solitary animals, this early spring; as solitary animals, this is the only time they will generally meet Snake reproduction
  • Females lay clutches of eggs usually in March or April. 
  • Females will remain with their eggs throughout the entire incubation period, which is usually for 2-4 months.
  • The female twitches and contracts her muscles to conduct heat to incubate her eggs.

As pets

  • Often sold as pets, however researching the species is advised.
Should be handled with care, as they can bite or constrict handlers. 

Predatory behavior

  • Burmese pythons will pounce on prey and use their muscles to constrict and then consume it.

Biological Data

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Further Reading


Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (2018) Nonnatives - Burmese python. Website: Last accessed 7th March 2018. 
  • National geographic (2018) Burmese Python. Website: Last accessed 7th March 2018.
  • Springfield Veterinary Group (2018) Burmese Python. Website: Last accessed 15th June 2018 .
  • Angela Libal (2017) Burmese Python Diseases. Website: Last accessed 7th March 2018.
  • Herpetological Society of Ireland (2014) Burmese Python Care. Website: Last accessed 15th June 2018 .
  • Girling S (2013) Common Reptile and Amphibian Diseases. In: Veterinary Nursing of Exotic Pets. 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, UK. pp 297-313.
  • Stuart B et al (2012) Python bivittatus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Website: Last accessed 15th June 2018.
  • Vitt L & Caldwell J (2009) Classification and Diversity. In: Herpetolgy - An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. 3rd edn. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 563.
  • Meredith A et al (2002) Snakes. In: BSAVA Manual of Exotic Pets. 3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 247.

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