ISSN 2398-2985      

Local anesthesia

6guinea pig

Introduction

  • Local anesthesia is indicated as part of a multimodal approach to analgesia/anesthesia.
  • Local anesthesia is used to reduce acute and chronic pain as a result of surgery. It is also used to reduce central pain sensitization.

Physiology

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Pharmacology of local anesthetics

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Indications

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Advantages and disadvantages

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Drugs and doses

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Factors affecting duration and latency

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Types of local anesthesia

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • DiGeronimo P M & da Cunha A F (2022) Local and regional anesthesia in zoological companion animal practice. Vet Clin Exot Anim 25 (1), 321-336 PubMed.
  • Saldanha A, Martini R, Basseto J E et al (2019) Use of transversus abdominis plane block in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). J Exotic Pet Med 31, 21-22 SciDirect.
  • Kang S C, Jampachaisri K, Seymour T L et al (2017) Use of liposomal bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia in an incisional pain model in rats (Rattus norvegicus). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci, 56 (1), 63-68 PubMed.
  • Wenger S (2012) Anesthesia and analgesia in rabbits and rodents. Exotic Pet Med 21 (1), 7-16 VetMedResource.
  • Sinnott C J, Garfield J M & Strichartz G R (1999) Differential efficacy of intravenous lidocaine in alleviating ipsilateral versus contralateral neuropathic pain in the rat. Pain 80 (3), 521-531 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Hawkins M G & Pascoe P J (2021) Anesthesia, Analgesia and Sedation of Small Mammals. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 4th edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E, Orcutt C J, Mans C & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 536-558.

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