ISSN 2398-2985      

Lipoma

6guinea pig

Introduction

  • Cause: benign growth of adipocytes.
  • Signs: soft mobile subcutaneous mass, may be abdominal.
  • Diagnosis: cytology, histopathology.
  • Treatment: surgical excision.
  • Prognosis: excellent.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Benign, encapsulated tumor of adipose tissue.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Age.
  • Obesity Obesity.
  • High fat diet.
  • Can occur in animals of normal body condition.

 

Pathophysiology

  • The growth may be subcutaneous of infiltrative.
  • Infiltrative lipomas tend to be locally aggressive but do not metastasize.

Timecourse

  • Tend to be slow growing but can reach significant size.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Garner M (2007) Cytologic diagnosis of diseases of rabbits, guinea pigs, and rodents. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim 10 (1), 25–49 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Campbell T (2015) The Cytology of Hyperplasia/Benign Neoplasia. In: Exotic Animal Hematology and Cytology. 4th edn. Wiley Blackwell, USA. 2pp 67-275. 
  • Siegel A, Loar A S & Walberg J (2012) Hematology and Cytology of Small Mammals. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds. Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 511-522.

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