ISSN 2398-2985      

Urinalysis: bilirubin

4ferrets


Overview

  • Only conjugated bilirubin appears in urine (unconjugated is albumin bound).
  • Bilirubin blood levels are often indicative of hepatocellular and biliary system function. Kidneys can excrete large amounts and elevations usually indicative of biliary obstruction or severe renal compromise.

Sampling

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Tests

Methodologies

  • Mix the urine specimen thoroughly.
  • Pipette urine onto test pads.
  • Hold horizontally to avoid run-off between pads.
  • Read test at correct interval.
  • Sediment examination may reveal bilirubin crystals (rare).

Availability

  • All veterinary practices.
  • External laboratories.

Result Data

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource
  • Lloyd M (2002) Veterinary care of ferrets: 1. Clinical examination and routine procedures. In Practice 24 (2), 90-95

Other sources of information

  • Chitty J (2009) Ferrets: physical examination and emergency care. In: BSAVA Manual of Ferrets and Rodents. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 205-218.
  • Lennox A (2009) Ferrets: Clinical pathology. In: BSAVA Manual of Ferrets and Rodents. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, UK. pp 230-236

Related Images

Want more related items, why not
contact us

MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code