ISSN 2398-2985      

Glucose

4ferrets

Synonym(s): Dextrose, D-Glucose, Aqupharm No. 3, No. 6, No. 18, Dextrose monohydrate


Introduction

Name

  • Glucose.

Class of drug

  • Simple sugar.
  • Dextrose is the D-isomer of glucose.

Description

Chemical name

  • (3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol.

Molecular formula

  • C6H12O6.
  • 50% solution: C6H12O6 • H2O.

Molecular weight

  • 180.15.

Physical properties

  • Clear, colorless solution.

Storage requirements

  • Store at 2-25°C/35.6-77°F.
  • Shelf-life is 2 years.
  • Discard after single use.

Uses

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Indications

  • Used in acute and severe episodes of hypoglycemia secondary to insulinomas. Insulinomas are common in middle-aged and old ferrets.
  • It can also be used for fluid replacement (primarily where intracellular and interstitial fluid losses have occurred).
  • Parenteral nutrition may involve the use of glucose/dextrose solutions.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bennett K R, Gaunt M, Casey P et al (2015) Constant rate infusion of glucagon as an emergency treatment for hypoglycemia in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). JAVMA 246 (4), 451-454 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Johnson-Delaney C A (2017) Ferret Medicine and Surgery. CRC Press, USA. pp 514.
  • Meredith A (2015) Ed Small Animal Formulary. Part B: Exotic Pets. 9th edn. BSAVA, Quedgeley, UK. pp 338.
  • Tennant B (1999) Small Animal Formulary. 3rd edn. BSAVA, UK.

Organisation(s)

  • National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) Compendium of Data Sheets for Animal Medicines. Website: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.
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