ISSN 2398-2985      

Dental anatomy / physiology / treatment overview

4ferrets

Synonym(s): Dental disease


Introduction

  • The domestic ferret has 28-30 deciduous teeth (di3-4/3: dc1/1: dm3/3).
  • Eruption of the deciduous canines begins at 3-4 weeks of age with permanent canines starting eruption as early as 8 weeks.
  • The permanent dental formula is I3/3: C1/1: PM3/3: M1/2 = 34 .
  • Permanent teeth erupt between 50 and 74 days of age.
  • The mandibular second molar is congenitally missing in some ferrets.
  • There may also be supernumerary teeth, most commonly found between the first and second maxillary incisors.
  • Periodontal and gingival tissues and structures are similar to that of other carnivores.
  • Using dog and cat dentistry as guidelines for veterinary and home care appear to be relevant.

Oral microflora

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Dental anatomy and physiology

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Dental instruments used in ferrets

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Anesthesia/surgery

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Dental care

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Home dental care

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Dental surgery

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Johnson-Delaney C A (2016) Anatomy and disorders of the oral cavity of ferrets and other exotic companion carnivores. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 19 (3), 901-928 PubMed.
  • Bladowski M, Kotowicz-Gears A & Wojtkiewicz J (2011) Restoration of fractured canines in ferrets after one-step root canal treatment. Polish J Vet Sci 14 (1), 137-139 PubMed.
  • Eroshin VV, Reiter AM, Rosenthal K et al (2011) Oral examination results in rescued ferrets: clinical findings. J Vet Dentistry 28 (1), 8-15 PubMed.
  • Fisher RG, Edwardsson S, Klinge B  (1994) Oral microflora of the ferret at the gingival sulvus and mucosa membrane in relation to ligature-induced periodontitis. Oral Microbiol Immunol (1), 40-49 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Fox J G & Marini R P (2014) Eds. Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. 3rd edn. Wiley Blackwell, USA. pp 835.
  • Lewington J H (2007) Ferret Husbandry, Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. Saunders, USA. pp 521.

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