ISSN 2398-2985      

Roundworm infection

4ferrets

Introduction

  • Cause: infection with roundworms; roundworms found in dogs and cats can affect ferrets, eg Toxascaris leonina, Toxocara cati.
  • Signs: low burdens may be asymptomatic, heavy burdens may lead to weight loss and gastrointestinal signs, eg diarrhea, anorexia, dehydration.
  • Diagnosis: fecal parasitology (flotation, direct smear), identification of adult worm in feces/ vomitus.
  • Treatment: fenbendazole, ivermectin, levamisole.
  • Prognosis: usually good with treatment and addressing the environment.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Infection of pet ferrets by Toxascaris leonina, Toxocara cati and Ancylostoma spp is possible but not common.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Poor husbandry and hygiene, especially for parasites with direct lifecycle.
  • Numerous animals in an enclosure, eg pet shops.

Specific

  • Ferrets usually become infected with roundworms from contact with cats or dogs.

Pathophysiology

  • Roundworms may have a direct or indirect lifecycle.
  • Roundworm infections in most species are often subclinical but in heavy burdens clinical signs may be seen due to irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.

Epidemiology

  • May see outbreaks of disease in groups with parasites with a direct lifecycle, from contamination of the environment.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Marini R P (2013) Endoparasites. In: Clinical Veterinary Advisor Birds and Exotic Pets. Elsevier, USA. pp. 448-450.
  • Quesenberry K E & Orcutt C (2012) Basic Approach to Veterinary Care In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 13-26.

Related Images

Want more related items, why not
contact us

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code