ISSN 2398-2985      

Anticoagulant rodenticide toxicity

4ferrets

Introduction

  • Cause: ingestion of a rodenticide poison.
  • Signs: lethargy, anorexia, hemorrhage.
  • Diagnosis: blood biochemistry.
  • Treatment: activated charcoal, vitamin K1, plasma/blood transfusion.
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Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • This category contains warfarin and so-called second-generation agents such as brodifacoum, bromadiolone, chlorophacinone, diaphacinon and difethialone.
  • These agents interfere with liver production of clotting factors II, VI, IX, and X.
  • Hemorrhage may begin usually 3-7 days after ingestion when these factors are depleted.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Ferrets left in areas where they can consume bait or animals, eg rodents, that have consumed bait.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

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