ISSN 2398-2977      

Tarsus: luxation

pequis

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Major traumatic events such as:
    • Twisting trauma - falls, trapped leg.
    • Fixed-limb injuries such as trapping a limb in a cattle grid, hole or trailer.
    • Violent kicks.
  • Most frequently affected joints of the tarsus are tarsometatarsal and proximal intertarsal joints.
  • The tarsocrural joint is rarely affected but when it is then considerable damage to the collateral ligaments is likely:
  • Luxation may occur subsequent to central or 3rd +/- 4th tarsal bone fractures.
  • Severe damage to long plantar +/- collateral ligament insertions Tarsus: distal tarsal bone fracture / luxation.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Trauma.

Pathophysiology

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to start a free trial to access all Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds and videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Abuja G A, Bubeck K A, Quinteros D D & García-López J M (2013) Surgical treatment of distal tarsal joint luxations in three horses. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 26 (4), 304-310 PubMed.
  • O'Neill H (2012) Case report: Simultaneous rupture of the fibularis tertius and subluxation of the proximal intertarsal joint of a horse. UK Vet 17, 4-6 VetMedResource.
  • Clegg P (2006) Conditions of the equine tarsal joints. UK Vet 11 (7), 6-12 VetMedResource.
  • Dowling B A, Dart A J & Hodgson D R (2000) Surgical treatment of tarsometatarsal joint luxation in a miniature horse foal. Aust Vet J 78 (10), 683-684 PubMed.
  • Bertone S L (1994) Management of orthopedic emergencies. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 10 (3), 603-625 PubMed.
  • Moll H D, Slone D E, Humburg J M & Jagar J E (1987) Traumatic tarsal luxation repaired without internal fixation in three horses and three ponies. J Am Vet Med Assoc 190 (3), 297-300 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Dyson S J & Ross M W (2011) The Tarsus. In: Diagnosis & Management of Lameness in the Horse. 2nd edn. Eds: Ross M W & Dyson S J. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 508-525.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code