ISSN 2398-2942      

Therapeutics: respiratory system

icanis

Introduction

Many of the drugs listed are not licensed in veterinary species and licensing varies across the world, as may availability. It is advisable to check with the local authority prior to administration. 
  • In addition to specific therapeutics, supportive measures such as avoidance of inhaled irritants, use of a harness in favour of a collar and weight control can also be greatly beneficial in many conditions (eg tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis). 
  • Oxygen therapy and sedation are key adjuncts to management of acute respiratory distress. 
  • Identification and control of any confirmed underlying or concurrent infection (eg bacterial, parasitic) is another important consideration.

Bronchodilators

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Anti-inflammatories and immunosuppressive therapy

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Mucolytics and expectorants

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Cough suppressants (anti-tussives)

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Respiratory stimulants

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hsieh B, Beets A (2020) Coughing in Small Animal Patients. Front Vet Sci 6, 513 PubMed.
  • Bexfield N H, Foale R D, Davison L J et al (2006) Management of 13 cases of canine respiratory disease using inhaled corticosteroids. JSAP 47 (7), 377-382 PubMed.
  • Bach J E, Kukanich B, Papich M G et al (2004) Evaluation of the bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of two extended-release theophylline formulations in dogs. JAVMA 224 (7), 1113-1119 PubMed.
  • Miller C J, McKiernan B C, Pace J et al (2002) The effects of doxapram hydrochloride (dopram-V) on laryngeal function in healthy dogs. JVIM 16 (5), 524-528 PubMed.

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