ISSN 2398-2969      

Urethrorectal fistula

icanis
Contributor(s):

Introduction

  • Rare.
  • Cause: embryological anomaly.
  • Signs: urethra communicates with rectum: urine drains from urethra and anus during micturition.
  • Diagnosis: signs.
  • Cystitis often develops.
  • Treatment: excision of fistula (may necessitate pubic symphysiotomy).

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Embryological anomaly: incomplete separation of anterior and posterior segments of cloaca into urethrovesicular and rectal components; urethra communicates with rectum.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Tobias K S, Barbee D (1995) Abnormal micturition and recurrent cystitis associated with multiple congenital anomalies of the urinary tract in a dog. JAVMA 207 (2), 191-193 PubMed.
  • Whitney W O, Schrader L A (1988) Urethrorectal fistulectomy in a dog, using a perineal approach. JAVMA 193 (5), 568-569 PubMed.
  • Miller C F (1980) Urethrorectal fistula with concurrent urolithiasis in a dog. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 75 (1), 73-76 PubMed.
  • Osborne C A et al (1975) Congenital urethrorectal fistula in two dogs. JAVMA 166 (10), 999-1002 PubMed.

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