ISSN 2398-2969      

Skin: calcinosis circumscripta

icanis
Contributor(s):

Synonym(s): Apocrine cystic calcinosis, multiloculated subcutaneous granuloma, tumoral calcinosis, lipocalcinosis


Introduction

  • Errant deposits of calcium salts in subcutaneous tissue, around vertebrae, tongue or attached to tendons/joint capsules.
  • Cause: unknown.
  • Incidence: large breeds (especially Great Dane, German Shepherd Dog), young animals.
  • Sites: mouth, foot pads, cervical region.
  • Signs: non-painful, well-circumscribed, hard swellings.
  • Treatment: surgical excision.
  • Prognosis: good.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Unknown but may be associated with sites of previous wounds or SC injections.
  • Exogenous administration of calcium or vitamin D.

Specific

  • Some animals may have renal disease. The prevalence of the condition in young large-breed dogs, particularly German Shepherds, Great Danes and Viszlas, suggests possible hereditary predeliction.

Pathophysiology

  • Errant deposition of calcium salts in soft tissue and peri-articular areas.
  • Similar lesions seen in uremia Uremia , chronic renal failure Kidney: chronic kidney disease (CKD) and primary hyperparathyroidism.
  • Remains obscure.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Van Ham L M et al (1995) Use of computed tomography and computed tomographic myelography for assessment of spinal tumoral calcinosis in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 36 (2), 115-118 VetMedResource.
  • Lewis D G & Kelly D F (1990) Calcinosis circumscripta in dogs as a cause of spinal ataxia. JSAP 31 (1), 35-37 VetMedResource.
  • Scott D W & Buerger R G (1988) Idiopathic calcinosis circumscripta in the dog - a retrospective analysis of 130 cases. JAAHA 24 (6), 651-658 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Braund K G (2002)Degerative Structural and Compressive Disorders. In:Clinical Neurology in Small Animals - Localization, Diagnosis and Treatment.Ed K G Braund. Ithaca: International Veterinary Information Service (www.ivis.org). Document no B0218.0202.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code