ISSN 2398-2969      

Rhinosporidiosis

icanis

Introduction

  • Caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi.
  • Polyps produced in nasal cavity leading to nasal discharge and sneezing.
  • Organism produces disease in domestic animals, humans and birds.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Infection with Rhinosporidium seeberi Rhinosporidium seeberi - an organism belonging to the class, Mesomycetozoea (on the boundary between fungi and animals).

Specific

  • Infection is thought to be due to contact with contaminated water sources - mucosal damage of nasal epithelium may predispose to infection.

Pathophysiology

  • Infection limited to nasal mucosa.
  • Infection of epithelial cells leads to development of fibrovascular polyps with epithelial linings and sporangia present throughout tissues.

Epidemiology

  • Direct spread between animals (and humans) is not thought to occur although animals can be infected from a common source.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Easley J R, Meuten D J, Levy M G, Dykstra M J, Breitschwerdt E B, Holizinger E A & Cattley R C (1986) Nasal rhinosporidiosis in the dog. Vet Pathol 23 (1), 50-56 PubMed.
  • Jimenez J F, Cornelius J B & Gloster E S (1986) Canine rhinosporidiosis in Arkansas. Lab Anim Sci 36 (1), 54-55 PubMed.
  • Mosier D A & Creed J E (1984) Rhinosporidiosis in a dog. JAVMA 185 (9), 1009-1010 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Breitschwerdt E B and Castellano M C (1998) Rhinosporidiosis. In: Infectious diseases of the Dog and Cat. Ed: C E Greene. WB Saunders Company. pp 402-404.

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