ISSN 2398-2969      

Anal sacculitis

icanis

Introduction

  • Common.
  • Inflammation of the anal sacs associated with pain and discomfort to the perineal region.
  • Cause: similar to anal gland impaction Anal sac impaction. Local inflammatory skin disease, eg allergy, colitis, obesity, conformational abnormalities, masses.
  • Signs: tenesmus, redness and swelling over the anal sac region; disliking the area being touched; “scooting”, rubbing the anal area on the ground.
  • Diagnosis: palpation and expressing anal sacs. The sacs are expressed with a great deal of pain, and a thin sanguinous and sometimes purulent discharge will be seen.
  • Treatment: weekly expression of anal sacs followed by irrigation with an antiseptic solution and antibiotic instillation. Hot packs can be applied topically by the owner daily for 7-10 days - surgery.
  • Prognosis: may become chronic and require surgical removal.
Print off the owner factsheet Anal sac disease to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Not well researched but: 
    • Diet.
    • External anal sphincter dysfunction.
    • Undersized anal sac ducts.
    • Loose stools (colitis Colitis: overview).
    • Taenia proglottids lodged in the anal sac duct orifice (rare).
    • Allergic skin disease; canine atopic dermatitis Skin: atopy, food hypersensitivity/allergy Skin: food hypersensitivity.
    • Duct obstruction from conformation (low tail attachment), mass lesions, obesity Obesity or trauma.

Predisposing factors

Specific

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Maina E, Galzerano M, Noli C (2014) Perianal pruritus in dogs with skin disease. Vet Derm 25 (3), 204-e52 PubMed.
  • James D J, Griffin C E, Polissar N L (2011) Comparison of anal sac cytological findings and behaviour in clinically normal dogs and those affected with anal sac disease: canine anal sac cytology. Vet Derm 22, 80-87 PubMed.
  • van Duijkeren E (1995) Disease conditions of canine anal sacs. JSAP 36 (1), 12-16 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Seim H B (1986) Diseases of the rectum and anus. In: Current Veterinary Therapy XI. W B Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 916-921.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code