Colitis is a condition in which the colon is inflamed. There are many causes including stress, parasites, intestinal bacterial overgrowth, altered diet, food allergies, and immune-mediated conditions. Diagnosis may require fecal tests, abdominal radiographs (x-rays), abdominal ultrasounds, and/or a biopsy of the intestinal tissue. Treatment may include antibiotics, antiparasite medications, dietary fiber supplementation, probiotics, a special diet, or immunosuppressive medications.
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