ISSN 2398-2942      

Bacillus anthracis

icanis

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Genus: bacillus.
  • Species: anthracis.

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Infected soil.
  • Burial sites.
  • Tannery effluent.

Transmission

  • Dogs and cats infected by eating raw contaminated meat.
  • Occasionally percutaneous.

Pathological effects

  • Inflammation and necrosis of upper gastrointestinal tract following oral infection.
  • Subsequent necrosis of mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen and liver.
  • Pathogenic toxins produced.

Other Host Effects

  • Dogs (and cats) relatively resistant to infection.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

Control via environment

  • Special disinfection precedures required.

Other countermeasures

  • Prevent dogs (and cats) from eating raw contaminated meat.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hanna P (1998) How anthrax kills. Science 280 (5370), 1671, 1673-4 PubMed.
  • Creel S, Marusha-Creel N, Matovelo J A et al (1995) The effects of anthrax on endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus)J Zool 236 (2), 199-209 Wiley Online Library.

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