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What's New on Vetlexicon - April 2022


Globoid cell leukodystrophy

Globoid cell leukodystrophy may occur as a breed-specific inherited disease. DNA tests are currently available in Irish Setters, Cairn terriers and West Highland White terriers.

Written by Mark Lowrie MA MVM DipECVN VetMB MRCVS
Reviewed by Simon Platt BVM&S DipECVN DipACVIM FRCVS


Neimann Pick disease

Niemann Pick disease, also known as sphingomyelinosis, belongs to a group of genetic disorders known as storage diseases. Prognosis is poor; affected cats usually die by one year of age, but are often euthanased much earlier than this. 

Written by Mark Lowrie MA MVM DipECVN VetMB MRCVS
Reviewed by Nicolas Granger DipECVN FHEA PhD FRCVS


Cecal impaction

Often caused by stress, a diet low in fiber, dehydration, excess lignified material, clay cat litter, dysautonomia and mucoid enteropathy. Prognosis can be guarded or poor depending on the severity of the impaction and general health of the rabbit.

Updated by Vicki Baldrey BVSc BSc(Hons) DZooMed(Avian) FHEA MRCVS

Dyspnea ferrets

Respiratory causes of dyspnea include disease of the upper and/or lower respiratory tract; non-respiratory causes include pain, anxiety, fever, heat stroke, obesity, abdominal distension, cardiac disease, metabolic disorders, neuromuscular disease, and anemia.

Written by Jemma Hildrew BVSc GPcert(ExAP) CertAVP(ZM) MRCVS
Reviewed by Sarah Brown MA VetMB CertZooMed GPCert(ExAP) MRCVS

Hypocalcemia in guinea pigs

Treatment should include calcium supplementation, treatment of any underlying cause, correcting the diet and husbandry. Prognosis is generally good if there are only mild clinical signs with a poorer prognosis if there is severe, advanced underlying disease. 

Written by Vicki Baldrey BVSc BSc(Hons) DZooMed(Avian) FHEA MRCVS
Reviewed by Anna Meredith MA VetMB CertLAS DipECZM DZooMed(Mammalian) PhD FRCVS

Heat stress in reptiles

Heat stress in reptiles is caused by the ambient temperature being greater than the preferred optimal temperature zone for that species. Other factors include inadequate or no provision of a thermal gradient, or a concurrent issue such as poor mobility/ill health causing an inability to move away from a heat source.

Written by Jemma Hildrew BVSc GPcert(ExAP) CertAVP(ZM) MRCVS
Reviewed by Sarah Brown MA VetMB CertZooMed GPCert(ExAP) MRCVS


Contrast radiography

Contrast radiography is defined as the placement of a radiodense probe (metallic) or contrast material, eg non-ionic, water-soluble compound or barium, into a specific region to highlight certain pathology.

Written by Graham Munroe BVSc PhD DESM CertEO DipECVS FRCVS
Updated by Andy Fiske-Jackson BVSc MVetMed DipECVS FHEA MRCVS


Emergency first aid

An injured animal should always be approached carefully; even young calves can cause injury to personnel if not adequately restrained. An animal in pain and stressed by the unusual situation is likely to react unpredictably.

Written by Cassandra Longhi DVM MSc PhD MRCVS
Reviewed by Paul Wood BVetMed MSc FHEA PGCert Vet Ed PGDipVetEd MRCVS




Journal Feeds on Vetlexicon

We have now included Journal Feeds to various veterinary publications throughout Vetlexicon. You’ll find the Journal Feeds on the left-hand side in each Category within Canis, Felis, Lapis, Exotis, Equis and Bovis. Check them out for all the latest veterinary news and articles from around the globe!





Contributor News – Zoë Halfacree

Congratulations to Zoë Halfacree MA VetMB CertVDI DipECVS CertSAS FRCVS, a soft tissue specialist at Davies Veterinary Specialists (Davies) who has been awarded a Fellowship by the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS).

Prior to joining Davies in October 2020, Zoë was a Senior Lecturer in Small Animal Surgery and Head of Soft Tissue Surgery at the RVC.

Zoe has been valued contributor to Vetlexicon Canis and Felis for many years. Check out her list of contributions here!





Search Feature Enhancement

We have enhanced the search feature on Vetlexicon, so it now remembers your search history! Once you have selected your Species and Content type filters, they'll be remembered so there is no need to re-enter your search criteria when you want to view other options. Try it out now here!







Contributor News – Alex Dugdale

Huge congratulations to Alex Dugdale for being awarded the RCVS Fellowship for Meritorious Contributions to Clinical Practice in the veterinary profession.

Alex is a valued contributor for Vetlexicon Bovis and was involved in the original development of Bovis back in 2017. Check out her latest contributions here!