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Fecal analysis: overview

ISSN 2398-2950

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Overview

  • Examination of feces can be helpful in investigation of gastrointestinal disease
  • Tests performed include:
    • Bacterial culture and sensitivity:  Fecal analysis: bacteriologySalmonellaCampylobacterYersinia (rare).
    • Occult blood Fecal analysis: occult blood.
    • Parasitology: GiardiaCryptosporidiaTrichomonasToxacaraAncylostoma tubaeformeParagonimus kellicottiAleurostrongylus abstrusus.
    • Proteolytic activity.
    • Fat Fat.
    • Virology, eg rotavirus Canine rotavirus.

Uses

Alone

  • Detection of bacterial, viral and parasitic causes of gastroenteritis or diarrhea.

In combination

Sampling

Source of test material

  • Rectal sample or freshly voided feces.

Quantity of test material

  • 5 g.

Quality control

Precautions

  • Routine hygiene.

Sample storage

  • Refrigerate if sample is not being mailed immediately.

Sample transport

  • Package according to mailing Regulations .
  • Transport median if required, eg for Salmonella.

Tests

Methodologies

  • Varies with individual test, eg fecal sedimentation, fecal flotation, fecal culture.

Availability

  • Routine.

Technician extrinsic limitations

  • Experience required varies with test.

Result Data

Abnormal values

  • Enteritis.
  • Ill thrift.
  • Tracheobronchitis ( Filaroides rostratus) (pulmonary disease) ParagonimusAleurostrongylus.
  • Pruritis ani.
  • Vomiting (kittens) Vomiting.
  • Maldigestion/malabsorbtion.
  • Anemia.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers