Blood biochemistry: cholesterol in Ferrets | Vetlexicon
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Blood biochemistry: cholesterol

ISSN 2398-2985


Overview

  • Major lipid in body and precursor of all steroid hormones and bile acids.
  • Obtained from diet and synthesized in liver.
  • Total cholesterol consists of free cholesterol and cholesterol esters:
    • Serum cholesterol is derived from the diet and is synthetized in the liver.
    • Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) consist mostly of protein, are rich in cholesterol, and are derived from the breakdown of very low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs).
    • High-density lipoproteins (HDLs), the smallest particles, consist mostly of cholesterol, protein, and phospholipids, with only a small quantity of triglycerides.
  • Excess cholesterol is excreted via the bile, where it is esterified.

Uses

Alone

  • Ancillary aid in diagnosis of several disorders but not diagnostic alone.

In combination

  • Diet.
  • Liver disease.
  • Hepatic lipidosis Hepatic lipidosis.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Nephrotic syndrome.
  • Biliary obstruction.
  • Hypothyroidism.

Sampling

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Tests

Availability

  • Widely available insertion at commercial laboratories.

Technique intrinsic limitations

  • Results only significant in conjunction with other laboratory results.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hein J, Spreyer F, Sauter-Louis C et al (2012) Reference ranges for laboratory parameters in ferrets. Vet Rec 171, 218 PubMed.
  • Hauptman K, Tichy F & Znotek Z (2001) Clinical diagnostics of hepatopathies in small mammals: evaluation of importance of individual methods. Acta Vet Brno 70, 297-31.

Other sources of information

  • Mayer J & Donnelly T M (2013) Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets. Elsevier, USA. pp 752.
  • Fudge A M (1999) Laboratory Medicine. Avian and Exotic Pets. W B Saunders Co. ISBN: 0721676790.