Penile Entrapment in Dogs (Canis) | Vetlexicon
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Penile Entrapment

ISSN 2398-2942


Introduction

  • Urgent condition, lack of resolution can result in permanent damage to penis.
  • Male dogs and cats can experience entrapment of the penis outside of the prepuce during detumescence, a form of paraphimosis Penis: paraphimosis.

Presenting signs

  • Typically, a dog or cat with penile entrapment will demonstrate acute discomfort during the period of anticipated detumescence, associated with failure of the engorged penis to return inside the prepuce.

Age predisposition

  • Penile mucosal exposure can lead to drying, excoriation and ischemia if the condition is not resolved.
  • Any age intact breeding male dog or cat.

Breed/Species predisposition

  • Increased incidence in long haired breeds.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Physical entrapment of the tip of the penis secondary to interference with detumescence by hair at the preputial orifice and inward rolling of the preputial skin.

Predisposing factors

General
  • Longer hair coat predisposes individual to inward rolling of the prepuce during detumescence and entrapment of the distal tip of the penis in a hair and skin fold.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Disorders of the Canine Penis and Prepuce(2001) In:Canine and Feline Theriogenology. Eds S D Johnston, M V Root Kustrit and P N Olson. pp 358.