Nasal mites in Dogs (Canis) | Vetlexicon
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Nasal mites

ISSN 2398-2942

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Synonym(s): Pneumonyssoides caninum

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Order: Acari.
  • Family: Halarachnidae.
  • Genus: Pneumonyssoides.
  • Previously named Pneumonyssus caninum (Chandler and Ruhe 1940).

Distribution

  • In Sweden, prevalence in mid and late 1990s was 20-24 %; in Norway about 7 %.
  • Found solely in dogs with one reported exception, a case in a silver fox (Vulpes vulpes), farm-bred in Norway and kept in a dog kennel.

Significance

  • Main clinical signs stem from upper respiratory tract and include:
    • Sneezing, particularly reverse sneezing.
    • Facial pruritus.
    • Rhinitis Rhinitis.
    • Impaired sense of smell (hypo- or anosmia). This is of particular concern to owners with working dogs relying on sense of smell such as hunting dogs, police dogs etc.
    • Behavioral changes.

Active Forms

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Resting Forms

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Clinical Effects

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Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Gunnarsson L, Zakrisson G, Christensson D et al (2004) Efficacy of Selamectin in the Treatment of Nasal Mite (Pneumonyssoides caninum) Infection in Dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 40 (5), 400-404 PubMed.
  • Rehbinder C & Karlsson T (2003) Treatment of canine nasal mite infection. Svensk Veterinärtidning 55 (3), 19-22 VetMedResource.
  • Gunnarsson L K, Zakrisson G, Egenvall A et al (2001) Prevalence of Pneumonyssoides caninum infection in dogs in Sweden. JAAHA 37 (4), 331-337 PubMed.
  • Gunnarsson L K, Möller L C, Einarsson A M et al (1999) Clinical efficacy of milbemycin oxime in the treatment of nasal mite infection in dogs. JAAHA 35 (1), 81-84 PubMed.
  • Marks S L, Moore M P & Rishniw M (1994) Pneumonyssoides caninum: the canine nasal mite. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 16 (5), 577-583 VetMedResource.
  • Rehbinder C, Christensson D, Bornstein S & Zakrisson G (1994) Examination of autopsy material. Pneumonyssus caninum - a mite in the pneumatic cavities of the dog. (Orginally in Swedish:Undersökning av ett obduktionsmaterial. Pneumonyssus caninum - ett kvalster i huvudets luftvägar hos hund). Svensk Veterinärtidning 46, 489-495.
  • Rehbinder C, Christensson S, Zakrisson G, Christensson B (1994) Pneumonyssoides caninum:-a mite in the air cavities of the head of dogs. Originally in Swedish (Pneumonyssoides caninum: - ett kvalster I huvudets luftvägar hos hund). Svensk Veterinärtidning 46, 489-495.
  • Fain A (1955) Un nouvel Acarien parasite des fosse nasales du Phacochère au Ruanda-Urundi. Pneumonyssoides phacochoeri n.g n.sp. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 51, 293-303.
  • Chandler W L & Ruhe D S (1940) Pneumonyssus caninum n. sp, a mite from the frontal sinus of the dog. J Parasitol 26, 59-67 VetMedResource.